Isaac Scientific Publishing

Advances in Astrophysics

Low-energy Quantum Gravity and Cosmology without Dark Energy

Download PDF (464.4 KB) PP. 1 - 6 Pub. Date: February 20, 2019

DOI: 10.22606/adap.2019.41001


  • Michael A. Ivanov
    Physics Dept., Belarus State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics, Minsk, Republic of Belarus


The model of low-energy quantum gravity leads to small additional effects having essential cosmological consequences: redshifts of remote objects and the additional dimming of them may be interpreted without any expansion of the Universe and without dark energy. The theoretical luminosity distance of the model fits the observational Hubble diagrams with high confidence levels. In the model, the ratio H(z)/(1 + z) should be equal to the Hubble constant. The constancy of this ratio is confirmed with high probabilities by fitting the compilation of H(z) observations. A deceleration of massive bodies due to forehead and backhead collisions with gravitons is re-computed here.


Low-energy quantum gravity, graviton background, dark energy.


[1] M.A. Ivanov, "Gravitons as super-strong interacting particles, and low-energy quantum gravity", in Focus on Quantum Gravity Research, Ed. D.C. Moore. Nova Science, NY, 2006, pp. 89-120.

[2] M.A. Ivanov, Selected papers on low-energy quantum gravity,2011. [Online]. Available:

[3] M.A. Ivanov, A.S. Narkevich, and P.S. Shenetz, "Modified dynamics due to forehead collisions of bodies with gravitons: Numerical modeling". [Online]. Available:

[4] B. Famaey, and S. McGaugh, "Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND): Observational Phenomenology and Relativistic Extensions", Living Reviews in Relativity, vol. 15, p. 10, 2012.

[5] M.A. Ivanov, "Cosmological consequences of the model of low-energy quantum gravity", in Cosmology on Small Scales 2016. Proceedings. M. Krizek and Yu. Dumin (Eds.), Institute of Mathematics CAS, Prague, pp. 179-198.

[6] N. Suzuki et al, "The Hubble Space Telescope Cluster Supernova Survey: V. Improving the Dark Energy Constraints Above z > 1 and Building an Early-Type-Hosted Supernova Sample", ApJ, vol. 746, p. 85, 2012.

[7] M. Betoule et al, "Improved cosmological constraints from a joint analysis of the SDSS-II and SNLS supernova samples. [Online]. Available: arXiv:1401.4064v2 [astro-ph.CO].

[8] H. Wei, Observational Constraints on Cosmological Models with the Updated Long Gamma-Ray Bursts". [Online]. Available: arXiv:1004.4951v3 [astro-ph.CO].

[9] H.-N. Lin, X. Li, and Z. Chang, "Effect of GRB spectra on the empirical luminosity correlations and the GRB Hubble diagram". [Online]. Available: arXiv:1604.02285 [astro-ph.HE].

[10] M. Lopez-Corredoira, F. Melia, E. Lusso, G. and Risaliti, "Cosmological test with the QSO Hubble diagram". [Online]. Available: arXiv:1602.06743 [astro-ph.CO].

[11] M.-J. Zhang, and J.-Q. Xia, "Model independent analysis on the slowing down of cosmic acceleration". [Online]. Available: arXiv:1606.04398 [astro-ph.CO].

[12] F. Melia, and M.K. Yennapureddy, "Model Selection Using Cosmic Chronometers with Gaussian Processes". [Online]. Available: arXiv:1802.02255 [astro-ph.CO]. 6 Advances in Astrophysics, Vol. 4, No. 1, February 2019 AdAp